Instructions for Authors

Texts submitted to População e Sociedade must comply with the rules provided in the following instructions. The publication of all articles is subject to a prior double-blind peer review process, by two evaluators. Upon positive opinion from both reviewers, the text will be considered for publication. Whenever one or both reviewers have their positive opinion depending on changes (be it minimal or significant), the article can only be accepted acceptance after those changes are carried out within the deadline stipulated by the editor. In case one opinion is positive and the other is negative, the text will be sent to a third reviewer. In order to guarantee the anonymity of the review process, the identification of the article's author must be completely removed from the archive and the “Properties” option in the text file. Any other information referring to the authorship of the article must also be removed, namely references to previous works by the same author. Authors of accepted articles will have the opportunity to proof the final version prior to publication.


  1. População e Sociedade accepts original articles written in Portuguese and English (preferably), but also in Spanish, French and Italian. Articles in Portuguese must comply with the new spelling agreement.
  2. Each article must include the title in English; two abstracts, one in the original language and the other in English, with 800-1000 characters each (spaces included); and five keywords (in the original language and in English).
  3. Each article must also be accompanied by the identification of the author (name; institutional affiliation – University/Faculty/Department –; ORCID registration number; institutional address and e-mail). When an author is affiliated with more than one institution, each affiliation must be identified separately. When two or more authors are affiliated with the same institution, identification is done only once. When the author has no institutional affiliation, it must indicate that he/she is an independent researcher, but all other elements must be included.
  4. As a peer-reviewed journal, the publication of articles depends on the positive opinions of two external and/or internal reviewers.
  5. Each article must have a maximum of 60 000 characters (spaces included); spacing: 1.5; font: Times New Roman; body: 12; margins: 2.5 cm (top and bottom) and 3 cm (left and right).
  6. Tables and graphs must be prepared in Microsoft Word and Excel formats, respectively, and not in image format. They must be sent in separate files, but the main text must indicate the place of insertion.
  7. Maps and illustrations must be sent in image format (tiff/jpeg, 300 dpi) in files separate from the text, although the latter must contain an indication of the location of their insertion.
  8. Tables, graphs, maps and illustrations must be identified in numerical order (E.g.: Graph No. 1; Map No. 3), followed by a dash and their title. The source should be indicated underneath, using font size 10.
  9. When citations are longer than three lines, they must be presented as a block citation: font size 11, 2.5 cm entry from the rest of the text, with a blank line before and after.
  10. Bibliographic references must be included in the text (see documentary citation criteria).
  11. Footnotes should be used sparingly, identified in numerical order and not exceed five lines each.
  12. The opinions expressed are the sole responsibility of the authors.
  13. Any images reproduced in the articles are the author's responsibility, who must ensure prior authorization for their usage.
  14. The article should be sent to the journal’s email: revista@cepese.pt.


Documentary and bibliographic references and citations:

Aiming at the uniformity of documentary and bibliographic references, the authors must follow the APA criteria (6th edition).

  1. Shorter citations from documents must be integrated into the text, while longer ones should be placed in a footnote.
  2. References of authors and works (monographs and articles from periodicals or collective works) must be included in the text (author's surname, year of publication, page(s) to which the citation refers) [e.g. Santos, 2006, p. 75-76].
  3. If there are mentions of more than one title by the same author in the same year, they must be identified by a lowercase letter (a, b, c…) after the date [e.g. Santos, 2009a, p. 35; Santos, 2009b, p. 76-77].
  4. When there are two authors, their surnames must be separated by & [e.g. Santos & Cruz, 2010, p. 65].
  5. When the number of authors is between three and five, their surnames must be indicated in the first occasion, followed by the year of publication and page(s); afterwards, only the surname of the first author is used, followed by et al., publication date and page(s) [e.g. Santos, Cruz & Lousada, 2006, p. 104 – first time; Santos et al., 2006, p. 104 – afterwards].
  6. When the same author has several works cited from different years, the author's surname is followed by the years of these publications [e.g. Santos, 2006, 2009a, 2009b].


Examples of organization of bibliographic references (at the end of the paper):


Sousa, Fernando de. (2006a). A Real Companhia Velha. Companhia Geral da Agricultura das Vinhas do Alto Douro (1756-2006). Porto, Portugal: CEPESE.

Sousa, Fernando de. (2006b). História da Indústria das Sedas em Trás-os-Montes. Porto, Portugal: Edições Afrontamento.


Book chapter

Menezes, Lená Medeiros de. (2006). Os processos de expulsão como fontes para a História da Imigração Portuguesa no Rio de Janeiro (1907-1930), in Isménia Lima Martins & Fernando de Sousa (Orgs.), Portugueses no Brasil: migrantes em dois atos (pp. 86-117). Niterói, RJ, Brasil: Muiraquitã.


Articles in journals

Williams, Andrew. (2004). The state after the new world order: liberal dreams and harsh realities. População e Sociedade, 11, 27-42.

Cheung, J. M. Y., Bartlett, D. J., Armour, C. L., Laba, T. L., & Saini, B. (2018). To drug or not to drug: A qualitative study of patients’ decision-making processes for managing insomnia. Behavioral Sleep Medicine16(1), 1-26. doi:10.1080/15402002.2016.1163702


Online article

Wright, Robert E. (2000). Women and Finance in the Early National U. S. Essays in History, 42, 654-672. Retrieved from http://etext.virginia.edu/journals/EH/EH42/Wright42.html [15 april 2009]